20 years have passed since privatisation of state-owned copper mines began in Zambia in 1997. The massive retrenchments that followed have led to economic hardship. Many, especially young people and women, have entered the informal economy.

Life has become a precarious and continuous practice of trying to live and make a living. The past is a nostalgic experience that underlies the present and the future is too frightening to contemplate.

NAI researcher Patience Mususa

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