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  • Exemplebild
    Redefining the social contract in Africa
    Across a continent where large sections of the population feel
    disconnected from meaningful citizenship, there is an urgent
    need to redefine and strengthen the social contract. This was at
    the core of a virtual public discussion hosted by the Nordic Africa Institute and Hanaholmen Swedish-Finnish Cultural Centre.

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  • UN Security Council.
    New project to deepen understanding of African impact in the UN Security Council
    While most of the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) agenda involves Africa, African states have limited influence over the Security Council’s decisions. A new NAI research project, focusing on African and Nordic non-permanent UNSC member states, aims to provide knowledge to support more effective and inclusive UNSC work on Africa.
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  • Patience doing field work, chatting with a few people in the streets.
    What makes me tick: Patience Mususa on architecture, people, and stories
    We've asked NAI scholars why they chose a career as a researcher and what motivates them in their work. Patience Mususa talks about how an architect's perception of the world led to social anthropology and the importance of people’s own stories in an unequal world.
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  • The book has both empirical and theoretical ambitions and is a first step towards developing an African feminist institutionalism.
    New book on women's political representation in Africa
    Diana Højlund Madsen, Senior Gender Researcher at NAI, is the editor of the book, where eight prominent gender researchers, most of them based on the African continent, examine the uneven developments in women’s political representation in Africa.
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  • Face masks with presidential election candidates, Robert Kyagulanyi, aka Bobi Wine, and incumbent President Yoweri Museveni sold on the street in Kampala. Uganda’s Electoral Commission had declared the 2021 vote a “scientific election”, where public rallies would be restricted to stop the spread of Covid-19.
    Museveni’s rule by violence sends clear message to opponents
    The rule of Uganda’s President Yoweri Museveni has always relied on armed force, explains Anders Sjögren, researcher at the Department of Government, Uppsala University. But why has the run-up to the 14 January elections been the most violent in decades?
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  • Dar es Salaam Port, Tanzania. Photo: Rob Beechey/World Bank
    Seven reasons to keep your eyes on Africa in 2021
    We asked the NAI researchers what they will be keeping their eyes on in 2021.
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  • Exemplebild
    The legacy of Pan-Africanism in African integration today
    Pan-Africanism was a vital force in the decolonisation and liberation struggles of the African continent. Today, some regional integration initiatives are part of the legacy of Pan-Africanism. Nevertheless, a retreat in Pan-Africanist consciousness justifies the on-going reform of the African Union and other related platforms for African regional integration, peace and development.
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  • A member of a Kenyan women's rights organisation partcipates in a rally in Nairobi 07 August 2007 to demand better political representation in parliament.
    Women’s political representation examined
    For ten years, Kenya’s male-dominated parliament has stubbornly refused to comply with a constitutional requirement which would guarantee at least one-third of the seats for women. “The political arena still functions as a space where men rule”, says Shillah Memusi, one of the authors of the new book Gendered Institutions and Women’s Political Representation in Africa external link, opens in new window.
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  • ExemplebUnloading sacks of onions in a farmers market in Bamako, Mali.ild
    Export economies will benefit from free trade agreement
    The African free trade agreement, to be launched on 1 January, will be a key instrument to enhance trade and increase welfare among African countries, according to NAI researcher Jörgen Levin. However, welfare gains may not be equally distributed and in the short-term some countries may also be losers.
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  • Weeding maize in Western Zambia
    “My research must be true, even if it means criticism”
    Development projects do not necessarily always improve lives for people on the ground, even if NGOs and donors call them successful. This is something NAI researcher Bridget Bwalya Umar has learnt from years of field work in rural Zambia.
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  • Close-up photo of a hand holding multiple passports.
    The politics of citizenship – Social contract and inclusivity in Africa
    In many African countries, citizenship offers civil rights to those who are included . At the same time, many – especially youth, migrants and other marginalised groups – often do not receive equal recognition in the social contract between state and citizen. They do not have the same access to justice, social protection and welfare services. This policy note addresses the challenges facing inclusive citizenship.
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  • Hand holding the book in the Nordic Africa Insitute library. Photo: Kalle Laajala.
    New book: Invisibility in African Displacements
    The book offers new perspectives on migration governance and its effects on people on the move in the context of a highly politicised topic - African migration towards Europe. Edited by Jesper Bjarnesen, Senior Researcher at NAI and Simon Turner, Associate Professor at the Centre for Advanced Migration Studies, University of Copenhagen.
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  • People cheering from a balcony.
    A step forward, but no guarantee of gender-friendly policies: Female candidates spark hope in the 2020 Ghanaian elections
    In the forthcoming Ghanaian elections, for the first time ever a woman has emerged as a vice-presidential candidate for one of the two major parties. Her candidacy has given rise to hopes of progress on gender equality issues, but it has also led to anti-feminist and misogynistic comments. This policy note addresses certain challenges and opportunities to break the male dominance of Ghanaian politics.
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  • Angolan military veterans parade during the 40th Independence Celebrations held at the Augustino Neto Memorial site in Luanda in 2015. Photo: GCIS
    Dia da Dipanda — Angola 45 years
    Today, 11 November, we congratulate Angola on 45 years of independence. In the NAI’s ‘Liberation Africa’ collection, you can browse many different sources on Nordic support to liberation movements in Southern Africa.
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  • Picture of man holding up poster with #endsars message.
    Will the protests in Nigeria lead to real change?
    A wave of protests against police brutality erupted in Nigeria in early October and lasted for two weeks. According to human rights NGO Amnesty International, at least 56 people have died across the country and in many cases security forces have used unnecessary force.
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  • picture of refugee cooking in yard.
    Vote to go ahead despite widespread violence
    With violence spreading in northern and eastern Burkina Faso, authorities have failed to register more than 400 000 voters ahead of the elections on 22 November. The conflict between armed Jihadist groups and government troops has forced more than a million people to flee their homes.
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  • Street picture of Mogadishu
    Researcher: Talks with al-Shabaab only way forward
    Internal power struggles and external interventions have shaped Somali politics for decades. The only way to resolve the situation, according to NAI researcher Redie Bereketeab, is to bring everyone to the negotiating table – including al-Shabaab.
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  • People stand near a wall of a damaged shop that reads: "no to violence, Toumodi is the basis" in the market of Toumodi on November 4, 2020, during a campaign of non-violence and peace awareness by young volunteers after inter-community clashes during the country's presidential election of October 31, 2020
    Few paths for Ivorian opposition after boycottexternal link
    Côte d’Ivoire is a divided country after Saturday’s election, according to NAI researcher Jesper Bjarnesen. “While President Alassane Ouattara is ready to begin his controversial third term in office, the opposition insists that the election process was fundamentally flawed and illegitimate,” Bjarnesen says.
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  • A formed police unit (FPU) woman officer from Rwanda, holding a weapon.
    Women, peace and security in Rwanda – promises and pitfalls
    With its high level of female representation and its successful reconciliation process after the 1994 genocide, Rwanda has emerged as something of an African and global ‘model’ of gender equality and conflict resolution. But beyond the ‘politics of numbers’ lies a male-dominated structure, where women and feminist thinking have little or no influence. This policy note assesses how Rwanda has adopted UN Security Council Resolution 1325, and offers policy advice on how to break gender barriers in the traditionally masculinist security sector.
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  • Protesting woman with a face cover mask sitting in the middle of a road with people walking behind her.
    Ouattara’s third-term bid raises old fears: Risk of violence in Côte d’Ivoire’s upcoming presidential elections
    The unexpected death this summer of the front-runner in the upcoming elections and incumbent President Ouattara’s contested move to run for a third term in office have increased the risk of electoral violence in the ethnically divided Côte d’Ivoire. The threat of a return to armed conflict, as we saw after the 2010 elections, should not be excluded.
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