39 individuals have so far been indicted in the International Criminal Court (ICC), all of them Africans. NAI researcher Tim Murithi, who is studying peacebuilding, governance and security in Africa, says that many Africans perceive this striking imbalance as a manifestation of selective justice. In 2016, Burundi and South Africa declared their intention to withdraw from the ICC. Kenya is on the same path and even the AU has argued that the ICC has a two-tier system of justice.
The allegations against the ICC become even more evident if you take into consideration that three of the five permanent members of the UN Security Council – USA, China and Russia – are not members of the ICC, but with their veto power they still have the political right to refer other countries to the ICC.
Tim Murithi, Senior Research Associate at NAI.