0 shots were fired when Gambia’s long-serving president Yahya Jammeh was forced to step down in favour of democratically elected Adama Barrow, in January 2017, after 43 days of refusing to accept defeat. The crisis was resolved with help from the governments of Nigeria, Ghana and Senegal, which deployed troops under the auspices of
ECOWAS and the AU.

This was an African solution to an African problem, an important maturation step in an ongoing Pan-African integration process.

Victor Adetula, Head of research at NAI

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