Researcher mobility in Mozambique
Paula Mählck and Måns Fellesson, two NAI researchers, have recently released a report on professional mobility among researchers in Mozambique. In their systematic survey, they track where researchers from Mozambique have moved after completing their studies in a research programme financed by SIDA and based in both Sweden and Mozambique.
– The purpose of having this programme in both countries is to enable the transfer of knowledge back to one’s country of origin. In Norway, for example, they have a similar programme, but it is located only in Norway.
Paula Mählck is a new researcher at NAI. Her previous research has been into indirect discrimination on the grounds of sex in Swedish research careers. Indirect discrimination refers to those discourses and practices that may not directly impact women, but which collectively affect their career prospects.
In addition to her position at NAI, she works as a researcher in the Department of Education at the University of Stockholm.
In this study, she concentrates on researcher experiences in the context of gender, ethnicity and race. Most importantly, the results indicate remarkably low geographical and sectoral mobility among people with doctorates. The study also shows that women tend to be older than men when they start their training in the postgraduate programme, and that they experience more obstacles and difficulties while they are in it.
– In our study, it is very clear that women and men find it stimulating to get away, but that women find it more difficult to do so. Women experience significantly more discrimination in terms of their family situation and in their everyday work life than men, says Paula.
She argues that Swedish higher education institutions and Swedish aid institutions must be alert to the situation facing women , and be flexible in their responses. In that regard, she suggests women should be able to access funding to bring their families, for example.
The report also shows that 21 per cent of researchers experienced discrimination on the basis of their skin colour in Sweden . The experience mainly takes the form of feelings of being isolated and invisible.
– This raises questions about the situations in which this discrimination occurs. It is the responsibility of the institutions concerned to highlight this challenge and counter it by creating alternative structures for the reception of international researchers.
Paula Mählck and Måns Fellesson will now analyse the material in greater depth, focusing especially on the experience of discrimination and resistance strategies. Thereafter, they will turn their attention to researcher mobility in Tanzania and Ethiopia.
Read the report here: http://nai.diva-portal.org/smash/record.jsf?searchId=1&pid=diva2:687797