Panel 25

Conflicts, Climate Change and Involuntary Mobility in Africa

Panel organiser: Anthony Kola-Olusanya, Inter-Campus and Public Relations, Osun State University, Osogbo, Nigeria.

E-mail: anthony.olusanya@uniosun.edu.ng

The number of emigrants from sub-Saharan Africa is said to have grown by 50% or more between 2010 and 2017 in contrast to the 17% worldwide average increase for the same period. Internally Displaced Persons in Africa due to conflicts increased from 10 million in 2009 to 12.4 million in 2015 and it is estimated that about one-third of refugees worldwide are African nationals most of whom live in Africa. The Conflicts, Climate Change and Involuntary Mobility in Africa Panel invite papers to analyze drivers of involuntary migration within and from Africa.  The Panel welcomes presentations that interrogate assumptions on types, causes, purposes and/or effects of forced migration in Africa and encourages alternative narratives on characteristics and incidents of forced migration in Sub-Saharan Africa.

The Panel will examine the respective linkages of climate change and conflicts with forced migration. Climate change is having an undeniable impact on the environment in Africa. Among the emerging triggers for conflicts and/or forced migration are increasingly unsuitable land for agriculture, drying up of lakes across the continent and acute water shortages in inland Africa. The Panel welcomes papers on the interplay between climate change and livelihood options and on the role of migration as a sustainable adaptation strategy for climate change. Armed conflict is widely acknowledged as a major cause of involuntary migration. The Panel invites presentations on the role of internal inequalities and/or international inequalities on forced migration in Africa and seeks contributions on the interface of natural resource exploitation, conflicts and involuntary migration within and out of Africa.

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