Livestock moving into cities – goods and bads in the rural-urban linkage
Panel organisers: Sofia Boqvist, Carl-Johan Lagerkvist and Ulf Magnusson, Swedish University of agricultural sciences (SLU).
Ten years ago the number of people in urban areas equaled the numbers in rural areas. Before we reach half-way through this century it is estimated that the urban population will be twice as large as the rural population. By 2050 Africa’s population will be double that of today with the number of individuals living in Africa’s urban areas expected to rise from 400 million in 2010 to 1.26 billion in 2050. Along with the fast urbanization, there is also a rapid growth in demand of more varied diets including animal source food, contributing to increased urban livestock keeping.
The objectives of this session are: i. to identify the inter-linkages and assess the inter-plays of the “coupled systems” from resilience and adaptedness criteria focusing on livestock sector in urban environments, and ii. to discuss important food security and nutrition challenges in relation to livestock production. Livestock contribute substantially to food security in Africa, particularly to the poor and under-nourished groups. Livestock systems in Africa are dynamic and characterized by rapid change due to the increasing demand for livestock source food (LSF) in response to human population growth, income growth and urbanization. The supply response of livestock systems will increasingly be affected by competition for natural resources, particularly land and water, competition between food and feed and by the need to operate in a carbon-constrained economy. Several countries in Africa will therefore have to face significant adjustment pressures while poverty becomes increasingly urbanized, demand for urban LSF grows, and cities exert greater influence on peri-urban and rural livelihoods and environments. Accordingly, there is significant uncertainty about both how livestock systems might evolve to meet the increased demand for LSF and what the socioeconomic and environmental consequences of these changes will be. This panel will be organized by the AgriFoSe2030 programme (www.slu.se/agrifose)